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邵艳坡,郭志勇,白书建.基于GIS的资源环境承载力评价与空间布局优化—以荣成市为例[J].山东国土资源,2019,35(1):
基于GIS的资源环境承载力评价与空间布局优化—以荣成市为例
Evaluation of Resources and Environment Carrying Capacity and Optimization of Spatial Layout Based on GIS—Setting Rongcheng City as an Example
  
DOI:10.12128/j.issn.1672-6979.2019.01.009
中文关键词:  GIS;资源环境;承载力;空间布局  荣成市
英文关键词:GIS  resources and environment  bearing capacity  spatial distribution  Rongcheng city
基金项目:
作者单位
邵艳坡 山东协和学院 
郭志勇 中交第一航务工程勘察设计院有限公司 
白书建 北京东方至远科技股份有限公司 
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中文摘要:
      随着工业化、城镇化、农业现代化和信息化的进程加快,我国面临的资源环境承载规模将进一步扩大,经济社会活动强度也将更高,人口、资源、环境之间的矛盾与冲突将不可避免地日趋激烈,因此开展资源环境承载力评估研究十分必要。以荣成市为研究对象,建立了资源环境承载力评价指标体系,基于GIS技术实现了属性数据的空间化,完成了各项指数的计算,分析了荣成市资源环境承载力状况。在资源环境承载力评价的基础上,分乡镇对荣成市土地空间布局进行优化,并形成综合分区引导。研究结论显示,荣成市资源环境基础性评价为可载,基于水资源系统的综合承载状态判定为临界,基于生态条件与环境质量系统的综合承载状态判定为可载。基于评价结果结合区位特点,荣成市各乡镇可按新兴产业、制造业、服务业,生态旅游业,生态农业,生态林业4个方向引导开发。
英文摘要:
      Accompanying with the accelerated process of industrialization, urbanization, agricultural modernization and information technology in China, the scale of resources and environment in our country will be widened furthurly. The intensity of economic and social activities will be higher, and the contradictions and conflicts between population, resources and environment will inevitably become increasingly fierce. Therefore, it is necessary to carry out the evaluation of carrying capacity of resources and environment. Taking Rongcheng city as the research object, the evaluation index system of resources and environment carrying capacity has been established. Based on GIS technology, the spatialization of attribute data have been realized, and the indexes have been calculated, and the bearing capacity of resources and environment in Rongcheng has been analyzed. Based on the evaluation of carrying capacity of resources and environment, the land layout of Rongcheng city has been optimized by township, and comprehensive zoning has been formed. The conclusion shows that the basic evaluation of resources and environment in Rongcheng is loadable, and the comprehensive bearing state based on the water resource system is critical, and the comprehensive bearing state based on the ecological conditions and environmental quality system has been determined to be loaded. Based on the evaluation results and regional characteristics, the towns of Rongcheng can guide development in four directions: emerging industry, manufacturing industry, service industry, ecotourism, ecological agriculture and ecological forestry.
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